Last Land Battle of Civil War in Russell County

The last land battle of the Civil War in Russell County holds a significant place in the county's historical narrative. With its establishment rooted in the former Creek Indian lands and named after Col. Gilbert C. Russell in 1832, the county boasts a rich history.

The Battle of Girard, marking the final land confrontation of the Civil War, remains a pivotal moment in the county's past. With a population of 57,938 in 2020, comprising 47.8% white and 44.9% African American residents, Russell County stands as a diverse and historically significant region.

This article aims to delve into the details of this historical encounter and its impact on the county, shedding light on the events that transpired and their lasting influence on the local community.

Key Takeaways

  • The Battle of Girard, the last land battle of the Civil War, took place in Russell County.
  • Russell County was created in 1832 from former Creek Indian lands.
  • The county was named after Col. Gilbert C. Russell, a U.S. military officer.
  • The population of Russell County in 2020 was 57,938.

Historical Background of Russell County

Russell County, established in 1832 from former Creek Indian lands, holds a rich historical background deeply intertwined with the early settlers' origins and significant military events such as the Battle of Girard, the last land battle of the Civil War.

The county played a pivotal role in the Civil War, witnessing the Battle of Girard, also known as the Battle of Columbus, where Union forces clashed with Confederate troops.

Additionally, the impact of the Chattahoochee River on Russell County's development cannot be overstated. The river facilitated shipping and transportation, leading to the county's economic growth. Furthermore, the hydroelectric power generated from the river contributed to the expansion of industries.

Russell County's historical narrative is closely linked with these events, shaping its trajectory and leaving a lasting imprint on its development.

Economy and Geography of Russell County

The county's economy and geography reflect a historical reliance on farming and subsequent diversification into shipping, industry, and the medical sector.

Russell County's location along the Chattahoochee River has facilitated the growth of a thriving shipping industry, contributing to its economic development.

The county has also seen a shift towards medical employment, particularly after the decline of the textile industry. Columbus State University, a major employer in the area, has further bolstered the medical sector.

Additionally, the county's 639 square miles encompass low, rolling clay hills and sandy-bottomed rivers and streams, with the Chattahoochee River running along its eastern border. U.S. highways 80 and 431 serve as major transportation routes, further contributing to the county's economic activity and connectivity.

Events and Places of Interest in Russell County

An array of events and places of interest in Russell County cater to diverse cultural and recreational preferences.

  • Phenix City Amphitheater: A hub for civic and cultural events, offering a wide range of entertainment options throughout the year.
  • Fort Mitchell Historic Site: A significant landmark encompassing a preserved 1813 fort, providing insight into the area's rich historical heritage.
  • Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center: Showcasing exhibits and artifacts that delve into the captivating history of Native American culture in the region.

These attractions, among others, contribute to the vibrant tapestry of Russell County, offering visitors and residents alike the opportunity to engage with the area's history and culture while enjoying a variety of entertainment options.

Notable Statistics and Facts About Russell County

Incorporating notable statistics and facts about Russell County provides valuable insights into its demographic and historical profile. As of 2020, the county's population stood at 57,938, with a racial composition of 47.8% white and 44.9% African American. The largest city, Phenix City, had an estimated population of 34,461, and the median household income in the county was $42,208. The impact of the Chattahoochee River on Russell County's economy has been significant, with the river contributing to the development of industry through hydroelectric power and providing access for shipping and transportation. The county encompasses 639 square miles and is traversed by major transportation routes, including U.S. highways 80 and 431.

Statistics and Facts
Population (2020) 57,938
Racial Composition 47.8% White, 44.9% African American
Largest City Phenix City (34,461)
Median Household Income $42,208

Further Reading on Russell County's History

To delve deeper into Russell County's history, it is essential to explore additional resources that provide comprehensive insights into the region's past.

  • 'The Heritage of Russell County, Alabama' by Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2003
  • 'The History of Russell County, Alabama' by Russell County Historical Commission, 1982

These resources delve into the historical significance and cultural heritage of Russell County, offering detailed accounts of its past and enriching the understanding of the region's history. They provide in-depth information about the history and heritage of Russell County and serve as valuable resources for researchers and history enthusiasts.

These books serve as valuable tools for those seeking to explore and comprehend the diverse and rich historical tapestry of this area.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Were the Key Strategies and Tactics Used by Both Sides During the Battle of Girard, the Last Land Battle of the Civil War?

During the Battle of Girard, the last land battle of the Civil War, Union forces employed strategies of flanking and artillery bombardment, while Confederate forces utilized defensive fortifications and guerrilla tactics. The battle had a significant impact on local infrastructure and the population of Russell County.

How Did the Battle of Girard Impact the Local Civilian Population and Infrastructure in Russell County?

The Battle of Girard significantly impacted the local civilian population and infrastructure in Russell County, influencing Reconstruction efforts. It highlighted the devastating effects of battle tactics on the community, showcasing the importance of military leadership in managing the aftermath.

What Were the Long-Term Political and Social Effects of the Battle of Girard on Russell County and Its Residents?

The Battle of Girard had profound long-term political and social effects on Russell County and its residents. The conflict reshaped local governance, community dynamics, and social structures, leaving a lasting impact on the region's trajectory.

Are There Any Preserved Artifacts or Historical Sites Related to the Battle of Girard That Visitors Can Explore in Russell County?

Preserved artifacts and historical sites related to the Battle of Girard in Russell County offer visitors valuable insights into local impact and economic consequences. They provide a tangible connection to the county's rich historical heritage.

What Were the Immediate and Long-Term Consequences of the Battle of Girard on the Economy and Industry of Russell County?

The Battle of Girard had immediate consequences on Russell County's economy, causing disruptions in farming and industry. Long-term impacts included shifts from agriculture to industrial development, as well as the emergence of new employment opportunities and economic diversification.


In conclusion, the Battle of Girard stands as a timeless monument in Russell County's history, casting a long shadow over the landscape of its past.

The echoes of conflict still ripple through the county, serving as a reminder of the sacrifices made and the enduring impact of historical events.

The battle remains etched in the fabric of the county, a testament to the resilience and spirit of its people.

Our Reader’s Queries

What cities are in Russell County Alabama?

Russell County spans 641 square miles and is home to multiple unincorporated communities including Fort Benning, Fort Mitchell, Uchee, Pittsview, Seale, Cottonton, Crawford, Dixie, and Ladonia. Additionally, it houses two incorporated cities, Hurtsboro in the southwest corner and Phenix City in the northernmost section.

What is the poverty rate in Russell County Alabama?

In Russell County, AL, 21.9% of the population (12.7k out of 57.8k people) live below the poverty line, which is higher than the national average of 12.6%.

What is the history of Russell County Alabama?

On December 18, 1832, Russell County came into being as a result of an act passed by the state general assembly. The land on which the county was established had been given up by the Creek Native Americans to the state. The county seat has undergone multiple changes over the years: Girard from 1833 to 1839, Crawford (also known as Crockettsville) from 1839 to 1868, Seale from 1868 to 1935, and Phenix City from 1935 to the present day.

Who is the superintendent of Russell County Alabama?

Brenda Coley, Ed.

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